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rare earth metal environmental protection

Mining the consequences of the rare earths industry | Greenbiz

Mining the consequences of the rare earths industry | Greenbiz

The rare earth metals dysprosium, neodymium, terbium and lanthanum are the four-pronged linchpin of efforts to create an environmentally friendly transportation sector, with each metal needed in massive quantities if the electric car revolution succeeds in removing combustible engines from our roads and highways. There are over 30 pounds of .

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Rare Earth Elements: A Review of Production, Processing .

Rare Earth Elements: A Review of Production, Processing .

ii . EPA/600/R-12/572. December 2012 Revised. Rare Earth Elements: A Review of Production, Processing, Recycling, and Associated Environmental Issues

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Rare Earths Statistics and Information - USGS

Rare Earths Statistics and Information - USGS

The principal economic sources of rare earths are the minerals bastnasite, monazite, and loparite and the lateritic ion-adsorption clays. The rare earths are a relatively abundant group of 17 elements composed of scandium, yttrium, and the lanthanides. The elements range in crustal abundance from cerium, the 25th most abundant element of the 78 common elements in the Earth's

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Investigating Rare Earth Element Mine Development in EPA .

Investigating Rare Earth Element Mine Development in EPA .

United States government agencies, including EPA, can learn a lot from China's environmental issues related to rare earth element production. As discussed, mining and refining processes can introduce radionuclides, rare earth elements, metals, and other potential contaminants into the environment at unnaturally high rates. Once introduced into the

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Wyoming may hold key to the rare earth minerals . - CNBC

Wyoming may hold key to the rare earth minerals . - CNBC

Jul 10, 2019 · Rare earth metals are used in cellphones, electric-vehicle batteries, fluorescent lights, defense, clean energy and much more. The global rare earth market is .

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The Geopolitics of Rare Earth Elements - Stratfor

The Geopolitics of Rare Earth Elements - Stratfor

Apr 08, 2019 · The rare earth elements are already critical to the U.S. defense sector, but rare earth mining, processing and fabrication capabilities will even more strongly influence geopolitical dynamics in the coming years as the world undergoes its nascent energy transition and transportation evolution.In the near term, China will benefit from its near-monopoly, but ultimately its own growing domestic .

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Regulation of environmental and health impacts in the rare .

Regulation of environmental and health impacts in the rare .

EPA (2012), Rare Earth Elements: A Review of Production, Processing, Recycling, and Associated Environmental Issues. EPA/600/R-12/572, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Industrial emissions directive (2010).

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A Look at Rare Earth Metals and Their Applications

A Look at Rare Earth Metals and Their Applications

Rare earth metals are actually not as rare as their name might imply. They are critical to high-performance optics and lasers, and essential to the most powerful magnets and superconductors in the world. Rare earths are simply more expensive to mine than most metals when not mined with environmentally harmful chemicals.

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Extracting rare-earth elements from coal could soon be .

Extracting rare-earth elements from coal could soon be .

The U.S. could soon decrease its dependence on importing valuable rare-earth elements that are widely used in many industries, according to a team of Penn State and U.S. Department of Energy researchers who found a cost-effective and environmentally friendly way to extract these metals .

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(PDF) Social and Environmental Impact of the Rare Earth .

(PDF) Social and Environmental Impact of the Rare Earth .

Social and Environmental Impact of the Rare Earth Industries. . the municipal environmental protection ag ency showed . metals producers to tak e shares of Jiangxi Rare Earth and Rare Metals .

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A Rare Earth Miner Stock List for Those Wanting to Bet on .

A Rare Earth Miner Stock List for Those Wanting to Bet on .

May 16, 2017 · Rare earth minerals stock prices have gotten so low that most—if not all of the ones listed above—are considered penny stocks. Nevertheless, those who see the potential of rare earths and other strategic metals do have reason for optimism. This is a sector that could be potentially profitable. Consider the risks and become familiar with .

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Environmental Cost of Refineries

Environmental Cost of Refineries

Some of the smaller rare earth smelting separation facilities do not have any kind of environmental protection at all. These are generally the small, illegal refineries and mines. [6] In China, saponification with ammonia is still used in rare earth refining, so a large amount of waste water is still produced.

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(PDF) Environmental Defects And Economic Impact On Global .

(PDF) Environmental Defects And Economic Impact On Global .

Environmental Defects And Economic Impact On Global Market Of Rare Earth Metals View the table of contents for this issue, or go to the journal homepage for more 2016 IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater.

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China Wrestles with the Toxic Aftermath of Rare Earth Mining

China Wrestles with the Toxic Aftermath of Rare Earth Mining

Jul 02, 2019 · China Wrestles with the Toxic Aftermath of Rare Earth Mining China has been a major source of rare earth metals used in high-tech products, from smartphones to wind turbines. As cleanup of these mining sites begins, experts argue that global companies that have benefited from access to these metals should help foot the bill.

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E-waste and The Environment - RARE EARTH MATERIALS

E-waste and The Environment - RARE EARTH MATERIALS

While Molycorp was dealing with the backlash from this environmental catastrophe, China was at its peak of rare earth metal production, leading to Mountain Pass eventually closing down in 2002. Molycorp has restarted production in Mountain Pass in 2012 after resolving environmental issues and spending over 1 billion to get production going again.

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E-waste and The Environment - RARE EARTH MATERIALS

E-waste and The Environment - RARE EARTH MATERIALS

While Molycorp was dealing with the backlash from this environmental catastrophe, China was at its peak of rare earth metal production, leading to Mountain Pass eventually closing down in 2002. Molycorp has restarted production in Mountain Pass in 2012 after resolving environmental issues and spending over 1 billion to get production going again.

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Rare Earth Stocks Give Abundant Returns as Investors Pile In

Rare Earth Stocks Give Abundant Returns as Investors Pile In

May 29, 2019 · JL Mag Rare-Earth Co., the plant Xi visited, climbed by the 10% daily limit for the seventh time in eight trading sessions. Other companies posted more muted gains, with China Northern Rare Earth .

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Environmental Cost of Refineries

Environmental Cost of Refineries

Some of the smaller rare earth smelting separation facilities do not have any kind of environmental protection at all. These are generally the small, illegal refineries and mines. [6] In China, saponification with ammonia is still used in rare earth refining, so a large amount of waste water is still produced.

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Rare Earth Metals: Will We Have Enough? - State of the Planet

Rare Earth Metals: Will We Have Enough? - State of the Planet

Sep 19, 2012 · China currently supplies 97 percent of global rare earth metal demand, and 100 percent of heavy rare earth metals such as terbium and dysprosium, used in wind turbines. In 2005, it began restricting exports to preserve resources and protect the environment, causing prices to soar.

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The dystopian lake filled by the world's tech lust - BBC .

The dystopian lake filled by the world's tech lust - BBC .

In 1950, before rare earth mining started in earnest, the city had a population of 97,000. Today, the population is more than two-and-a-half million. There is only one reason for this huge influx .

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New process recycles valuable rare earth metals from old .

New process recycles valuable rare earth metals from old .

According to the Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. consumers disposed of 3.4 million tons of electronics waste in 2012. . New process recycles valuable rare earth metals from old electronics .

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Situation and Policies of China's Rare Earth Industry .

Situation and Policies of China's Rare Earth Industry .

II. Principles and Targets of Development. 1. Fundamental Principles - Adhering to environmental protection and resource conservation. The state will implement stricter standards for ecological protection and protective exploitation policies concerning rare earth resources, improve relevant laws and regulations on the industry's administration, and crack down on all violations of laws and .

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RARE EARTH ELEMENTS: A REVIEW OF PRODUCTION, .

RARE EARTH ELEMENTS: A REVIEW OF PRODUCTION, .

Rare earth elements (REEs) are a group of 15 chemical elements in the periodic table, specifically the lanthanides. Two other elements, scandium and yttrium, have a similar physiochemistry to the lanthanides, are commonly found in the same mineral assemblages, and are often referred to as REEs. REEs have not been mined in the United States for about 20 years, and prior to that time, the amount .

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Environmental Damage - MIT

Environmental Damage - MIT

The list of environmental concerns that can be connected with rare earth elements is not a brief one. Throughout the cycle of mining processes that rare earth elements go through, there is potential for negative effects on the environment. Extracting rare earth elements begins with mining. This is followed by the refining process, and then .

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Green New Deal must recognize rare earth metals . - Quartz

Green New Deal must recognize rare earth metals . - Quartz

Mar 05, 2019 · Any environmental policy would need to address these factors. The second problem is that the vast majority of all rare earth production and processing happens in .

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Where will the materials for our clean energy . - The Verge

Where will the materials for our clean energy . - The Verge

Feb 15, 2019 · Neodymium is a so-called rare earth element, a silvery metal with a very important role in renewable energy. . China has created a toxic lake and other environmental . Blackmon / The Verge .

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Rare earth metals for automotive exhaust catalysts .

Rare earth metals for automotive exhaust catalysts .

The usage of rare earth metals for automotive exhaust catalysts is demonstrated in this paper. Rare earth metals have been widely used in automotive catalysts. In particular, three-way catalysts require the use of ceria compounds as oxygen storage materials, and lanthana as .

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Metals Needed for Carbon Neutrality in Short Supply - IER

Metals Needed for Carbon Neutrality in Short Supply - IER

Jul 02, 2019 · The United States purchases 80 percent of its rare earth metals from China, despite having the resources to produce its own supply. These metals could be extracted profitably in the United States, but are not because of our restrictive and redundant environmental regulations.

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Estimated Rare Earth Reserves and Deposits | Department of .

Estimated Rare Earth Reserves and Deposits | Department of .

These materials -- which include some rare earth elements and are often called critical materials -- are essential to the clean energy economy and are at risk for supply disruptions. This map shows countries with significant supplies of rare earth elements, and existing mines, deposits, and occurrences of rare earth .

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Rare opportunity to recycle rare earths - Recycling Today

Rare opportunity to recycle rare earths - Recycling Today

Jan 03, 2018 · Recycling rare-earth metals is attractive for technical, financial and political reasons. In late 2010, China cut off exports of rare-earth metals to Japan in response to Japan's detention of a Chinese fishing trawler captain. The DOE established its Critical Materials Strategy in 2010 and its Critical Materials Institute (CMI) in 2013. CMI .

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